Framing, language and experts: A look at breaking news scenarios in DC and beyond
From avoiding loaded language to planning ahead, four journalists offered practical tips for covering Inauguration Day events and beyond during an Institute and Resolve Philly program on Jan. 19.
“Our fight now is to maintain our authority as conveyors of accurate facts,” said Eric Deggans, author of “Race-baiter: How the media wields dangerous words to divide a nation” and TV critic at NPR. “And we have to be very careful about being good stewards of that because, as we’ve seen over the Trump years, it is one of the slender threads that has kept this nation from falling into authoritarianism.”
Joining Deggans to discuss breaking news coverage in the wake of the Capitol insurrection were Danielle K. Kilgo, the John & Elizabeth Bates Cowles Professor of Journalism, Diversity and Equality in the Hubbard School of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Minnesota; Michael McCarter, managing editor for standards, ethics & inclusion at USA Today; and Aubrey Nagle, Reframe editor at Resolve Philly. Cassie Haynes, co-executive director of Resolve Philly, moderated the program.
“Planning ahead is key.”
McCarter shared how his newsroom gathered on a Zoom call during the events of Jan. 6: “We were able to have multiple voices weigh in as things unfolded. And we were able to quickly transition.”
Tip: Assemble a team to consult in advance of your coverage that will help provide accurate historical context and correct language.
“Who are we deciding is the expert? What definitions are we using? And who is getting to define those terms before we use them?”
Nagle cautioned against assuming the neutrality of the people in power that journalists are covering, whether it’s an elected official, organization leader or executive.
Tip: Consider the agenda or motives of the person or organization sharing information with you.
“When we make these decisions about language, we have to make sure that we can defend them based on evidence that we can present.”
Deggans reflected on how the Trump administration lied to the media so often that many journalists assumed much of what they heard from officials was untrue. He reiterated the importance of questioning accuracy as the Biden administration takes over.
Tip: Continue to check your assumptions even under a new administration that says it will be friendlier to the press.
“Calling a mob a mob is important. Calling a siege a siege is important.”
Kilgo recommended preparing language in advance and including the dictionary definitions of words within reporting to provide a perceived objective source.
Tip: If your newsroom has a style committee, consult them before you go out in the field. If not, check with your editor or ask the AP Stylebook on Twitter.
“Hammering home context, context, context as things unfold.”
Nagle emphasized that first impressions in headlines will stick with an audience and set the tone for how readers will interact with and share the story.
Tip: Journalists should work in real time to tie live events back to their historical antecedents.
- How to cover race without perpetuating prejudice
- News distrust among Black Americans is a fixable problem
- The insurrection at the Capitol challenged how US media frames unrest and shapes public opinion
- Riot or resistance? How media frames unrest in Minneapolis will shape public’s view of protest
- Language descriptions used to describe the Capitol insurrection in 24 hours of news from LexisNexis
- The lies we tell ourselves about race
- Journalists can change the way they build stories to create organic news fluency
- Covering insurrection: News frames, word choice, & whose story to tell
About NPCJI’s programs
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About Resolve Philly
Resolve Philly is a proving ground for journalistic initiatives that challenge our industry to be more equitable, collaborative and based in community voices and solutions. We are a small but mighty non-profit organization building trust between media and communities. Our aims to inform, engage, and inspire here in Philadelphia and around the world. Reframe is a Resolve Philly initiative that aims to help journalists improve the accuracy and authenticity of their coverage of mis- and under-represented individuals and communities and thus build trust with their audiences through precise, human-centered language. For more information, contact us here.